Washington Framework for Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling

This page is designed to afford school counselors an entry point to the framework web page. It is designed to assert a programmatic approach to school counseling in order to foster academic, career, and personal/social development, as well as provide hyperlinks to commonly accessed hyperlinks accessed by school counselors using the framework Web site.

Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling programs are supported by:

Washington State School Directors Association (WSSDA) Recommended Guidance and Counseling Policy 2140, rev. 12/08.
“The ________board of directors recognizes that guidance and counseling is an important part of the district’s total program of instruction and is integral in achieving the district’s mission of academic excellence and success for all students. The district will provide counseling and guidance services in accordance with state laws and regulations, school improvement plans, ethical standards, and district policies and procedures.

The board believes school counselors serve a vital role in maximizing student achievement and supporting a safe, compassionate learning environment. In the __________district, the purpose and role of the school counselor is to plan, organize, and deliver a comprehensive school guidance and counseling program that personalizes education and supports, promotes, and enhances the academic, personal, social, and career development of all students, based on the national standards for school counseling programs of the American School Counselor Association.”

Washington State Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board (WTECB) Youth Workforce Development Strategies (WTECB website, September, 2009). “Youth Goal: Ensure all youth receive the education, training, and support they need for success in postsecondary education and/or work. Objective 1—A K-12 Guidance and Counseling System provides students and their parents with a curriculum to individually plan their pathways and prepare for future education and/or work after high school.”


The Washington Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling Framework and the ASCA National Model provide a system that encourages and promotes academic, career, and personal/social development in preparation for the challenges of the 21st century. All stakeholders share the benefits of this organizational structure. Research supports that comprehensive guidance and counseling programs have a positive effect on schools and communities.

Some benefits of a Comprehensive School Guidance and Counseling Program (CGCP) to school counselors include:

  • Defines responsibilities within the context of a school counseling program
  • Promotes appropriate and effective counseling and guidance program activities
  • Supports development of all student
  • Provides a framework for program staffing, management, implementation, and accountability
  • Encourages school counselors to be systemic leaders, advocates, and change agents
  • Ensures the school counseling program is aligned with the school’s mission