Washington Framework for Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling

The team will need to determine if school counseling goals are best met through classroom guidance, small group, or individual counseling. It is very likely that all or some combination of these methods will be selected. Once the delivery method/s is determined, an intervention can be selected.

Possible Three-tiered Model Activities Organized by Developmental Domain

I. Sample Tier One Activities – for all students:

  1. Academic Domain
    1. Classroom guidance lessons on study skills; organization skills
    2. Guidance lessons on test-taking strategies
    3. Guidance lessons on graduation/college entrance requirements
    4. Guidance lessons scholarships and financial aid
    5. Learning Styles assessment and interpretation
  2. Career Domain
    1. Administration/interpretation of career interest/aptitude surveys.
    2. Career Fairs
    3. Implementation of Navigation 101 or other career guidance curricula
    4. Community collaborations such as Junior Achievement Program
  3. Personal/Social Domain
    1. School-wide implementation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS) or similar program
    2. Character Education curricula or program
    3. Social-Emotional Learning (SEL) curricula implementation
    4. Bullying Prevention and Intervention curricula
    5. Suicide and Self-Harm Prevention and Intervention curricula
    6. Alcohol, Tobacco and Drug (ATOD) prevention and intervention curricula
    7. Other social skills curricula determined by school-wide needs assessment
    8. Crisis Response/Management training for school staff
    9. Cultural Competency/ Diversity training for students and/or staff
    10. Peer Conflict Mediation programs
    11. Curricula regarding personal and sexual safety

II. Sample Tier Two Activities- for students who could benefit from more support:

  1. Academic Domain
    1. Small group instruction/support with study skills
    2. Small group tutoring/peer tutoring with struggling students
    3. Adult mentoring/peer mentoring assistance with academics
    4. Content area study and support groups
    5. Individual intervention with academic placement or concerns
    6. Small group or individual assistance with test anxiety coping strategies
  2. Career Domain
    1. Collaborative support programs such as Gear Up and Upward Bound
    2. Small group/individual assistance with college/scholarship applications
    3. Small group/individual assistance identifying strengths and interests
    4. Career/job-related adult mentorship programs
    5. NCAA Clearinghouse assistance
  3. Personal/Social Domain
    1. Small group support/instruction with social skills development
    2. Small group support with grief and loss issues
    3. Small group support/intervention with ATOD issues
    4. Small group/individual follow-up with depression, self-harm, suicidal ideation
    5. Support groups or GSA sponsorship for LGBQT students
    6. Small support groups organized around ethnic or racial identity issues
    7. Peer Conflict Mediation programs
    8. Small group or individual support for pregnant and parenting teens
    9. Small group or individual support for victims of abuse

III. Sample Tier-three Activities – for students who need intensive support:

  1. Academic Domain
    1. i.     Referral to RTI or similar intervention team for intensive assessment
    2. Referral  for IEP assessment and potential placement
    3. Individual planning to address class placement or academic deficiencies
    4. Individual assessment of strengths and learning styles
    5. Develop individualized academic intervention plan
  2. Career Domain
    1. Letters of recommendation or support for individuals
    2. Individual assessment of strengths, interests and deficits or barriers
    3. Individual planning
  3. Personal/Social Domain
    1. Referral to RTI or similar team for intensive behavioral assessment
    2. Design and implement Individual Behavior Plan
    3. Refer to mental health professional for intensive therapy
    4. Solution-focused brief counseling with school counselor
    5. Refer to inpatient/outpatient ATOD treatment
    6. Small group school re-integration following treatment program
    7. Referral for IEP assessment and potential placement